Is it More Rewarding to Help a Poor Person in Place of Obligatory Sacrifice (Qurbani)? By Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani

Compiled By: Mufti Umar Anwar Badakhshani

No Alternate for Sacrifice (Qurbani)

Some people think that instead of offering a Qurbani they should give its amount to some poor people as charity. This attitude is totally wrong. Actually, there are different forms of worship obligatory on Muslims. Each one of them has its own importance and none of them can stand for the other. It is not permissible for a Muslim to perform Salah instead for Fasting in Ramadan, nor is it permissible for him to give some charity instead of observing the obligatory Salah, similarly, Qurbani is an independent form of worship, and this obligation cannot be discharged by spending some money in charity.

However, if somebody, out of his ignorance or negligence, could not offer Qurbani on the three prescribed days (10th, 11th and 12th Zul Hijjah) then, in that case oly, he can give the price of a Qurbani as Sadaqah to those entitled to receive Zakah. But during the days of Qurbani no Sadaqah can discharge the obligation.

سنن الترمذی، فضل الأضحیۃ، رقم الحدیث: 1493 :عن عائشۃ رضی اللّٰہ عنھا أن رسول اللّٰہ صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم قال: ’’ما عمل آدمی من عمل یوم النحر أحب إلی اللّٰہ من إھراق الدم

سنن الدارقطنی، باب الصید والذبائح والأطعمۃ، رقم الحدیث: 34 : عن ابن عباسؓ قال: قال رسول اللّٰہ صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم: ’’ماأنفقت الورق فی شییٔ أفضل من نحیرۃ فی یوم العید‘‘

سنن ابن ماجه (2/ 1044):عن أبي هريرة، أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: من كان له سعة، ولم يضح، فلا يقربن مصلانا

وفی البدائع الصنائع 66/5: ومنھا أن لا یقوم غیرھا مقامھا حتی لو تصدق بعین الشاۃ أو قیمتھا فی الوقت لا یجزیہ عن الأضحیۃ ، لأن الواجب تعلق بالإراقۃ ، والأصل أن الوجوب إذا تعلق بفعل معین أنہ لا یقوم غیرہ مقامہ کما فی الصلاۃ والصوم وغیرھما، شامی 320/6

Source: Islamic Months, By Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani


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