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Ruling of Teaching and Learning Quran During Period of Menstruation

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Question

What is the ruling during menstruation for a student who is memorizing the Holy Qur’an, or who is teaching the Qur’an? If she takes a  break during these days, then she will going to miss her lessons?

Answer

It is forbidden for a woman to recite the Holy Qur’an during the period of menstruation, but due to the need for learning the jurists have allowed reciting less than one verse (Aayah) at a time. Therefore, the teacher should teach the students or the student herself should read, word by word,  that is, she should take a deep breath by reading each word, as if by spelling, for example:  الحمد………..لله……….رب……..العالمين

  • It is permissible for women to recite the entire verse (Aayah) word by word during menstruation by separating each word from the other, but it is absolutely not permissible to recite the verse (Aayah) completely, and this ruling is for both the teacher and the student.
  • If the teacher is menstruating, she can listen to the lessons from her students without touching the Holy Qur’an.
  • if the teacher is menstruating then the student can hold the Qur’an in her hand and the teacher can see and hear it.
  • Similarly, if there is an apprehension of forgetting memorization, the jurists specified a condition that memorization should be done by holding the Qur’an with a separate clean cloth other than the clothing and reading and repeating it in the heart, and absolutely not uttering it with the mouth. This will resolve the memorizing issue and fulfill the learning need.

وفی الفتاوی الهندية:“وَإِذَا حَاضَتْ الْمُعَلِّمَةُ فَيَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَنْ تُعَلِّمَ الصِّبْيَانَ كَلِمَةً كَلِمَةً وَتَقْطَعُ بَيْنَ الْكَلِمَتَيْنِ، وَلَايُكْرَهُ لَهَا التَّهَجِّي بِالْقُرْآنِ. كَذَا فِي الْمُحِيطِ”. ْفَصْلُ الرَّابِعُ فِي أَحْكَامِ الْحَيْضِ وَالنِّفَاسِ وَالِاسْتِحَاضَةِ،الْأَحْكَامُ الَّتِي يَشْتَرِكُ فِيهَا الْحَيْضُ وَالنِّفَاسُ ثَمَانِيَةٌ، ١/ ٣٨

وفی حاشية رد المحتار على الدر المختار 1/ 293:’’( وقراءة قرآن ) أي ولو دون آية من المركبات لا المفردات؛ لأنه جوز للحائض المعلمة تعليمه كلمةً كلمةً، كما قدمناه وكالقرآن التوراة والإنجيل والزبور … (ومسه) أي القرآن ولو في لوح أو درهم أو حائط، لكن لا يمنع إلا من مس المكتوب، بخلاف المصحف؛ فلا يجوز مس الجلد وموضع البياض منه، وقال بعضهم: يجوز، وهذا أقرب إلى القياس، والمنع أقرب إلى التعظيم، كما في البحر، أي والصحيح المنع كما نذكره، ومثل القرآن سائر الكتب السماوية كما قدمناه عن القهستاني وغيره‘‘.

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