“When it comes to marrying a Christian or a Jewish girl or boy, the Muslim youths argue that the Holy Qur’an has allowed such a marriage. Since we are living in the midst of Jews and Christians, we preeminently need to know the correct and precise Islamic position in this respect. Please provide guidance and oblige.”
The Holy Qur’an has never allowed the Muslim girls to marry a non-Muslim boy, no matter whether he is a Christian or a Jew or a Hindu or a Parsi. However, the Holy Qur’an has allowed a Muslim boy to marry a Christian or a Jewish girl. But there are two important points which should always be kept in mind in this respect:
- 1. It is only the Christian and Jewish women that are allowed to be married by a Muslim. No woman of any other religion or belief is Halal for a Muslim. The women who are Christian or Jew only by their names, and do not actually believe in any religion, like a large number of people in the Western countries, cannot be termed as “Ahl-al-Kitab” (People of the Book). They are atheists and it is not allowed in Shariah to marry an atheistic woman.
- 2. Shariah has allowed the Muslims to marry a Christian or a Jewish girl only where there is no apprehension that the husband or his children may come under her influence in religious matters. In the early days of Islamic history, every Muslim was duly equipped with adequate knowledge of his religion and had an unshaken commitment to Islamic principles.
Therefore, there was no apprehension that he would be misled by any foreign influence. Rather, he was supposed to convince his wife of religious issues. Therefore, if a Muslim is fully confident that his marriage with a Christian or a Jewish girl will never affect the religious life of himself or of his children, then there is no bar against such a marriage. But if he is not so confident, then, he must avoid marrying a non-Muslim girl. Even in the days of the Sahabah (the companions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) some people were not advised to marry a Christian or a Jewish girl for this very reason. (See 158:2/4, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaibah)
Source: Contemporary Fataawa, By Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani